POLICIES & VISION FOR DETROIT
Coleman A. Young II
Plan for Detroit
Vision for CITY Administration of Services
Customer Service Oriented Staff
Inclusion of Constituency Viewpoints
Transparency in Government
Y is because it’s YOUR CITY!
Constitutional Breaches: In accordance with the Oath of Office required by the Mayor of Detroit “Every elective officer and every appointee before entering on official duties shall take and subscribe the following oath before the Detroit City Clerk: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of this state and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of office to the best of my ability.” The original of the oath shall be filed in the Office of the City Clerk and a copy provided to the elective officer or the appointee.” (Detroit City Code. Sec. 2-103)
One of the responsibilities of government is to assure the citizenry the right to the enjoyment of the long term held assets which have been acquired and maintained by the municipal corporation. Assets which have been taken unlawfully by unconstitutional acts must be returned to the citizens via the action of the courts in the balance of a triumvirate government.
- Legally fight to restore assets like Belle Isle, the Water and Sewerage Department and Public Lighting and undo the Constitutional Breaches triggered by the Emergency Manager Law and the Bankruptcy which defrauded Retiree pensions and city coffers
- Support and join the lawsuit against the State of Michigan for the repayment of $1.1 billion dollars in revenue sharing plus accrued interest, now owed to the City of Detroit
Detroit… a Place where Strong Families are supported with Jobs, Safe Walkable Neighborhoods, Recreation, Good Schools, Retail Centers and Entertainment.
All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for their equal benefit, security and protection. (Michigan Constitution, Article 1, Section1, 1963)
No person shall be denied the equal protection of the laws; nor shall any person be denied the enjoyment of his civil or political rights or be discriminated against in the exercise thereof because of religion, race, color or national origin. The legislature shall implement this section by appropriate legislation. (Michigan Constitution, Article 1, Section 2, 1963)
The difference between services in our neighborhoods and downtown and midtown is discriminatory on its face. Let us Unite our City in a more equitable way for all Detroiters.
Treat violence like a virus. We want to issue a resolution to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), to be able to acquire more accurate data to gain more information on the root causes of how the violence occurs, [like Wilmington, DE].
- Re-Establish Residency policies by court action as a Homeland Security /International Border issue for First Responder distance from Command Center-Detroit.
- Partner with hospitals with data and wrap-around services for gunshot victims, who also are more likely to become gunshot perpetrators, according to the National Institutes of Health (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1449260/?tool=pmcentrez)
* We want to provide job services, job training services, crisis counseling, and also PTSD therapy (post traumatic stress disorder).
*Oftentimes, victims are suffering from PTSD.
- Expand use of Mini-Police Stations in high crime areas to increase police effectiveness and decrease response times.
- Shot-spotter Technology: Use of acoustic/sound technology to track where gunshots are originating throughout Detroit and trace the location.
- Better use of Tracing Data from Nation Integration Ballistics Information Network from Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms. New Jersey has used this data to help close more cases faster. It is “the only national network that allows for the capture and comparison of ballistic evidence to aid in solving and preventing violent crimes involving firearms.”
- More effective use of Office of Victims of Crime Act Grants (VOCA) to assist victims. (https://ojp.gov/ovc/grants/)
Auto Insurance Reform:
Provide auto insurance for Detroit residents that is more equitable with other insured members in the state and across the United States. Currently, we have a File and Use system. The auto insurance companies file the new rates whenever they want with the Auto Insurance Commissioner and use the new rates at will.
- Sue the insurance companies over the racist, red-lining policies that they have used to keep Detroit’s rate excessively high
- Implement Prior Approval, which requires the Insurance Commissioner’s prior approval, before they can file the new rates
- Give the Commissioner more powers so that they can order roll-backs or rates if they are excessive or issue refunds if the Commissioner believes that consumers have been overcharged or price-gouged.
- Change the definition of “excessive rates.” Rates are only deemed excessive in the State of Michigan if competition doesn’t exist, which is a near impossible standard to reach.
We need to adhere to the definition of “excessive rates” established by the United States Treasury, where it states that rates are excessive if they are more than 2% of your income.
This rate should be adopted by the State of Michigan
- Public Hearings should be held in order for insurance companies to increase rates because their product is mandated by state law.
- Driving Record should be the determiner for rate, not territories or credit scoring.
- Only 19% of Detroiters have good credit; insurance should not be based on credit score when you may have a bad credit score and great driving record or vice-versa.
Work with the Superintendent of Detroit Public Schools Community District
- Provide Wrap Around Services with Schools. Those services that are provided by City of Detroit services be provided within the microcosm of the school so that it aids in the success of the student. Services like: Job Training, Tax Preparation, Community Health Care, Baby College, Conflict Resolution, Nutrition Services, and Trauma Counseling.
- Expanded Learning Time: Longer School Day, Longer School Year so that students have longer exposure to the learning environment and less time on streets. Also, expanded learning time decreases the amount of summer loss of learning.
- Partner with Labor Organizations to Provide Skilled Trades Skills and Jobs Training. All students don’t want to or cannot attend college. This provides them with an alternative for professions and careers that can lead to apprenticeships and journeyman positions.
Entrepreneurs and Economic Development:
Helping Entrepreneurs and Small Business Owners to get started, develop and grow
- Community Benefits Agreements with legally binding agreements for first source hiring for Detroiters. These agreements would be legally binding with sanctions that if the promises for Detroiters to get the first opportunity for jobs and services that are agreed on like community/retail centers, etc. that the developer can be sued for citizen recourse.
- Procurement Technical Assistance Centers that are expanded throughout the city that provides training to small businesses and entrepreneurs to help them qualify for local, state and federal contracts and grants.
- One-Stop Permitting Centers
- Reducing regulations and red tape for entrepreneurs
- Small Business Development Centers to help Small Business owners with development/business plans for start-up financing and growth development
- Community Development Financial Institutions ties to help with financing needs for small businesses will give the City ability to draw down more money from the federal government
- Community Development Corporations for repositories of Federal Grants
- New Market Tax Credits, Community Development Block Grants and Home Funds for Neighborhood Investment
- Bring back African Town to help monetize our culture and history for small businesses
At least 15 Federal Transit Agency grants for which the City of Detroit qualifies. (https://www.transit.dot.gov/grants)* Some of the grants are competitive, but most are a formula, which means that Detroit’s eligibility for the grants is based on our population from the last Census Report of 2010. Specifically, Detroit is eligible for the Urbanized Area Formula Funding program (49 U.S.C. 5307), which makes federal resources available to urbanized areas and to Governors for transit capital and operating assistance in urbanized areas and for transportation-related planning.
• skyTran: An elevated transit that uses electromagnetic power for personal rapid transit (PRT) that carries 2 person pods that is much cheaper than traditional mass/rapid transit; 10% of traditional costs. These units use Maglev (magnetic levitational energy) (STML™) which requires as much energy as a hair dryer, so energy-wise it is a much more sustainable mass/rapid transit system. (https://www.energy.gov/articles/how-maglev-works)
- skyTran at the NASA Ames Research Center, in California, has been developed as a high speed overhead driverless two person pods with rapid personal transit. skyTran requires less infrastructure and maglev energy along an overhead guideway. Typically, skyTran costs 1/10 of the cost to construct for this personal mobility transit model.
- skyTran could position Detroit for new businesses and development in the 2ist century and do for Detroit what the automobile did for Detroit during the industrial revolution in the age of innovative rapid personal driverless transit. skyTran is being considered/built in India, Mountain View, CA, and a demonstration site at Ben Gurion Airport in Tel Aviv, Israel.
- Sustainable Systems of Colorado has developed a transit system using skyTran is a transportation system developed through the U. S. Department of Transportation that is an overhead guideway system with 2 person pods. skyTran handles 10,000 passengers per hour and it is run by sustainable solar and hydrogen energy so that the environment is not impacted. Their system provides its own solar via a solar ribbon and can create enough energy to sell back to the grid and use during days that do not have enough sun or to homes for their use. (http://www.skytran.com/)
- Partner with General Motors, Ford, FCA and Tesla on driverless cars for multiple modes of transportation
- Detroit Department of Transportation – Current Transportation System: We need to get the DDOT buses on schedule reliably so that customers can rely on DDOT to get to and from work and other scheduled appointments.
- Resume complimentary Bus Tickets for Senior Riders, who are Detroit Residents
- We need computerized traffic controlling automation systems we can have more control over bus transportation where there is a large wall-sized electronic map that shows every bus with transponders along all bus routes and transmitters in each bus so that we could replace the cost of foreman and route inspectors that are too expensive for a post-bankruptcy DDOT. However, the DDOT transportation controller would be a one-time expense and then annual maintenance service costs which would require inspectors only when there is a problem on the route. Drivers equipped with radio communicator earpieces to the traffic control board supervisor could report irregularities. This way the entire system could be viewed at once, rather than in portions. It gives the controllers and immediate view of the system-wide issues and positives and how to address the issues more rapidly.
- The technology addresses issues that help DDOT from becoming more customer oriented and tracks performance.
- Partner with the Google Transit Partner Program to make a better experience for the rider (like New York, NY and Hampton Roads Transit Regional), which gives riders live updates via integration of “transit stop, route, schedule, and fare information to make trip planning quick and easy for everyone.”
*Fifteen+ Grants that Detroit DOT may qualify for are as follows:
- Buses and Bus Facilities Grants Program – 5339(C);
- Capital Investment Grants – 5309(C);
- Enhanced Mobility of Seniors & Individuals with Disabilities – Sec. 5310(F);
- Flexible Funding Programs – Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program – 23 USC 149(F);
- Flexible Highway Performance Program – 23 USC 119(F);
- Flexible Funding Programs – Surface Transportation Black Grant – 23 USC 133(F);
- Grants for Buses and Bus Facilities Formula Program – 5339(a)(F);
- Human Resources & Training – 5314(b)(F);
- Low or No Emission Vehicle Program (LoNoCAP) 5339(c)(C);
- Metropolitan and Statewide Planning and NonMetropolitan Transportation Planning – 5303, 5304, 5305(F);
- Public Transportation Innovation – 5312(C);
- Safety Research and Demonstration Program(C); State of Good Repair Grants – 537(F);
- Technical Assistance & Standards Development – 5314(a)(F);
- Transit Cooperative Research Program – 5312(i)(C);
- Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) Program (C); Urbanized Area Formal Grants – 5307(F); and Zero Emission Research Opportunity (ZERO)(C). (C) = Competitive & (F)= Formula. (https://www.transit.dot.gov/grants)
- Sequestration for Carbon Capture System to begin reducing and abating air pollution
- Renewable Portfolio Standard System – that would give us a 25% renewable energy sources by 2045.
- Update our City Code to American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers Standards (ASHRAE) (https://www.ashrae.org/) (https://www.ihs.com/products/ashrae-standards.html) and require building retrofit to meet green standards. This would also increase green jobs.
- Adherence to actuary and ASHRAE standards
- Low Income Solar Energy Policy, because the city has 48% of its citizens living in poverty. Utilize net metering so that constituents can sell energy back to DTE, the major supplier. This will also provide lower energy bills for residents and provide clean energy for constituent health. Also, a strong solar energy policy will stop the expansion of some of the industries that are polluting and hurting people and killing them
- Community Bill of Rights (like Baltimore, MD) community constituents, churches, community organizations can file injunctions and complaints against owners of blighted buildings.
- Deputize citizenry (like Atlanta, GA) to issue blight tickets against individuals or companies that violate the vacant, open and dangerous ordinance or who own blighted buildings. If they do not respond to those tickets, then Buildings and Safety would come in and regulate.
- Implement a receivership law (like Philadelphia, PA) that anyone within 2000 feet of an abandoned or blighted building can issue violations and/or injunctions against the owner of that structure and take them to court. The judge can determine whether to appoint a receiver that could be a local nonprofit. The nonprofit then have control over what the owner must do to bring the building back to unblighted use or determine some other community use. This law has also been implemented in Texas and had favorable results.
- Creditor Responsibility Law – Requires that the mortgagor has responsibility for upkeep when the mortgagee does not after abandoning the building. (New Jersey)
Preventive Health Care – Work with federal partners to have more federally qualified health clinic, so that more people will be able to have preventive health care.
• Universal Health Care System (San Francisco, CA) – Employer Mandates for health care access for all Detroit citizens
• Opioid Epidemic – Partner with SHAR HOUSE, so that we have a clear policy. Supervised injection sites in a controlled, licensed medical center. (New York, NY)
• Use of medical grade heroin sites for recovery and treatment. Which should also include “a medication called naltrexone — known by the brand name Vivitrol — [which] blocks the brain’s opioid receptors, thwarting the euphoric effects of heroin and prescription painkillers. Patients can’t get high even if they try.” (http://bangordailynews.com/2014/08/27/the-point/once-a-month-opiate-addictionmedication-met-with-praise-skepticism-in-maine/)
• LEAD – Law Enforcement Assistance Diversion – The people who are involved in low-level drug violations should receive treatment and diversion rather than criminal correction
Partner with local health care systems, local/state public health agencies, National Institutes of Health, World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control to abate the Hepatitis A breakout resulting from the 90,000 water shutoffs in Detroit.
- Also, work in partnership with these agencies to abate asbestos contamination in Detroit due to the lack of safety precautions for the demolition of “11,000 homes.” (https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/phs/phs.asp?id=28&tid=4); (https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/ToxProfiles/tp61-c1-b.pdf) Commit to the 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDG) that all UN Members States have agreed to try to achieve (http://www.who.int/topics/millennium_development_goals/en/)
- MDG 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- MDG2: Achieve universal primary education
- MDG 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
- MDG 4: Reduce child mortality
- MDG 5: Improve maternal health
- MDG 6: combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
- MDG 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
- MDG 8: Develop a global partnership for development
- “When young people have decent jobs, political weight, negotiating muscle and real influence in the world, they will create a better future”, United Nations SecretaryGeneral Ban Ki-moon said as he kicked off a Headquarters event on empowering youth through employment.
- “A lack of jobs feeds insecurity. A jobs-rich country can have a wealth of stability. Young people are forced to bear the brunt of conflicts. They should be given the chance to carry the banner of peace,” Mr. Ban told the General Assembly.” (http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2015/06/give-young-peopledecent-jobs-and-they-will-create-a-better-future-un-chief/)
- The same is true for Detroit. In the words of my father, Mayor Coleman A. Young “There is no problem that a good-paying job can’t fix.”
- Partner with Homeless Nonprofits so that there is a more coordinated effort that is led by the City of Detroit for services so that we can get people and families with children off the street
- Employment is the real answer to homelessness
According to the World Health Organization: “Poverty is associated with the undermining of a range of key human attributes, including health. The poor are exposed to greater personal and environmental health risks, are less well nourished, have less information and are less able to access health care; they thus have a higher risk of illness and disability. Conversely, illness can reduce household savings, lower learning ability, reduce productivity, and lead to a diminished quality of life, thereby perpetuating or even increasing poverty.
Poverty is often defined in absolute terms of low income – less than US$2 a day, for example. But in reality, the consequences of poverty exist on a relative scale. The poorest of the poor, around the world, have the worst health. Within countries, the evidence shows that in general the lower an individual’s socioeconomic position the worse their health. There is a social gradient in health that runs from top to bottom of the socioeconomic spectrum. This is a global phenomenon, seen in low, middle and high-income countries.” (http://www.who.int/topics/poverty/en/)
Impacting Poverty requires a philosophical policy viewpoint of administering services to constituents with the goal of transforming their lives to achieve shared prosperity and equal opportunity.
- Create an Office Of Opportunity – To Help 48% of Detroit Citizens who are currently living in poverty to achieve shared prosperity and equal opportunity
- Moratorium on Water Shut-Offs and Restore Water Service To The Most Vulnerable Citizens
- Better Asset management and build capacity (capital improvements) in Water and Sewer Lines to stop home flooding
- Moratorium on Home Foreclosures
- Utilize Federal TARP or Hardest Hit funds to save homes & stabilize neighborhoods for tax paying residents
- Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Informational/Educational Campaign
- Develop job opportunities from public & private sector via Public Private Partnerships
- Senior Citizen home repair allocations using HUD resources will resume Grant Status NOT Loans.
- Re-open closed Recreation Centers with bond dollars (already approved by citizens) and development impact fees
- Better asset management of parkland to provide open air recreation
- Support increasing the minimum wage to $15.00/hour, as approved in 14 cities and states, including New York, NY; Missoula, MT; Pittsburgh, PA; Greensboro, NC; Portland, OR; Seattle, WA; and Milwaukie, OR. (http://www.nelp.org/newsreleases/14-cities-states-approved-15-minimum-wage-in-2015/)